Comprehensive study of a number of important research problems is necessary for the development of new generations of space vehicles, such as high-performance launchers, re-entry vehicles, small satellites, and interplanetary spacecraft, to make giant leaps forward. One of the key problems that needs to be addressed is to provide qualitatively better understanding of non-equilibrium flows, and thus drastically improve capabilities available to engineers and scientists for the prediction and analysis of such flows. This problem can be tackled only through the combined theoretical, numerical, and experimental research that involves essentially new level of theoretical description and mathematical modeling, the use of the full power of modern computers, improvement of experimental techniques, and application of new diagnostic tools, which will provide much greater detail of the examined flow. Achieving a true synergy of theory, modeling, and experiment, that through the fundamental knowledge becomes basis for new breakthrough space technologies, is the main goal of the Laboratory of Non-Equilibrium Flows and Aerothermodynamics of Space Vehicles, established on the basis of the Novosibirsk State University. The Laboratory is headed by Sergey Gimelshein, an Astronautics Professor of the University of Southern California (USA). The creation of Laboratory was supported by the Grant of the Government of the Russian Federation (Agreement No. 14.Z50.31.0019).
The Laboratory unites professionally active researchers from the Novosibirsk State University (NSU) and two laboratories, Computational Aerodynamics Laboratory and Laboratory of Physical Problems of Gas-Dynamic Flow Control, of the Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ITAM SB RAS). The Institute has an established, long-term collaboration with NSU through the Chair of Aerophysics and Gas Dynamics of the Physical Department of NSU, which will greatly facilitate the unification. The formation of such a laboratory will allow us to organize high quality, world recognized research in the fields that form the basis of the modern and prospective space engineering, as well as provide an opportunity for professional training of specialists for the Russian space industry, who will be able to learn and use the most advanced computational and experimental methods.